Dr Lipski will be discussing balancing the Gut-Brain Axis to Improve Mental Health.
Could depression, anxiety and other mental health issues begin in the gut? Emerging research on the relationship between the brain, behavior and the digestive system indicates that gut health may be a key to mental health. For example, several studies report that a large percent of people who have irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) or inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), also experience depression, anxiety, and/or schizophrenia. Up to 20% of people with schizophrenia have gluten-intolerance. When GI issues are resolved, many people’s mental health complaints also resolve.
Communication between the gut-brain is bi-directional and symbiotic. Much of this resides around the afferent nerves, primarily the vagus nerve, where surprisingly 90% of the flow of the sensory nerves goes from the gut to the brain. 90% of the serotonin synthesised in the body is made in the gut; and all of our neurotransmitters are synthesised in large amounts. Increased intestinal permeability can lead to increased gram-negative lipopolysaccharides (LPS) also passing the blood brain barrier. The gut microbiome it appears plays a large role in balancing neuro-endocrine-immune relationships. Balances or dysbiotic imbalances of the gut microbiome affect our mood, behavior, and even our food preferences. The gut microbiome also affects our metabolism, weight, satiety, glucose in interactions with our hypothalamus.
In this session, Dr Lipski will explore the basic physiology and research of the gut-brain axis, and metabolism that targets our mental health, specifically mood, depression, and anxiety. Discussion will explore the role of diet in maintaining and restoring microbial balance (eubiosis), and the likely effects of selected prebiotics and probiotics. Participants will learn how to recognise related GI dysfunction and gain tools to use clinically to support balance of the amazing human superorganism.
• Introduce the basic physiology and research in the gut-brain axis in reference to mental health
• Recognise the overlap between digestive and mental health issues
• Recommend foods and nutraceuticals to balance the gut-brain axis
• Be able to incorporate this information in clinical practice